Traditional areas of coconut cultivation in India are the states of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Pondicherry, Andhra, Goa, Maharashtra, Odisha, West Bengal and Gujarat and the islands of Lakshadweep and Andaman and Nicobar. As per statistics from Coconut Development Board of Government of India, four southern states combined account for almost 90% of the total.
Tamil Nadu (33.84%), Karnataka (25.15%), Kerala (23.96%), and Andhra Pradesh (7.16%). Other states, such as Goa, Maharashtra, Odisha, West Bengal, and those in the northeast (Tripura and Assam) account for the remaining productions. Though Kerala has the largest number of coconut trees, in terms of production per hectare,
Tamil Nadu leads all other states. In Tamil Nadu, Coimbatore and Tirupur regions top the production list. In Goa, the coconut tree has been reclassified by the government as a palm (like a grass), enabling farmers and real estate developers to clear land with fewer restrictions. With this, it will no more be considered as a tree and no permission will be required by the forest department before cutting a coconut tree.